分类
外汇交易及资金管理

为市场交易和风险管理

风险管 理和止损

Together they will give you a basis for calculating your Risk Reward Ratio a crucial risk management metric.

停止和止损

在交易中如何使用停止指令

例如,如果已经在某个市场买入,预计它会上涨,你可以在当前市价下方下达一个与该多头头寸关联的或有停止指令。如果价格下跌至该价格下方,该未平仓多头头寸将自动被平仓。 如果你在1.3000买入英镑美元外汇(预期它将走高),但实际出现下跌,你可以在1.2900设置一个停止指令。如果市场下跌并且达到1.2900,将会触发该停止指令,并且该多头英镑美元头寸将被自动平仓,损失为100点(0.1000),实际损失应乘以头寸大小。 相反,如果你对黄金持空头观点,并且在1600.00价位卖出,预期价格将会下跌,你可能希望在当前市价上方下达一个停止指令,比如在1640.00,以限制你可能遭受的损失。如果市场朝着与你的预期相反的方向运行并上涨到1640.00上方,该空头头寸将自动清仓,损失40.00(同样需要乘以头寸大小)。 需要指出的是,当触发某个停止指令时,结果并不一定就是出现损失——并非所有停止指令都是止损。停止指令可以用来在市场已经朝你预期的方向走动时管理未平仓头寸,以便该未平仓头寸保持盈利。 让我们回到上面讨论的多头头寸,即在1.3000汇率买入英镑美元外汇。

    *如果持有一个未平仓多头头寸,追踪止损指令将下达在市价下方。 追踪止损与普通止损的区别在于,当市场朝你预期的方向移动时,止损位将按照设定百分比或当前市价的绝对金额向该方向移动。 二者之间的距离通常被称为“追踪止损”。但是,如果当前市场价格之后朝我们预期相反的方向移动,追踪止损不会移动

让我们看一个例子。 由于预期市场将会走低,我们可能在13000点位卖出DAX德国股票指数(在亨达环球是GER30),并在13100点或距离100指数点的地方设置一个追踪止损。 如果GER 30走低,则追踪止损位将随着当前市场价格向下移动,仍然与当前市价保持100指数点的距离。但是,如果市场反向走高, 追踪止损不会移动。 . 追踪止损只会向你交易预期的方向移动,因此空头头寸为下移,多头头寸为上移。如果市场向你的未平仓头寸相反的方向移动,则追踪止损位不会朝另外一个方向移动。

止损进场订单

  • *止损卖出进场订单
  • *止损买入进场订单

小结:风险管理和止损

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